Coordinator: Pier Marco Bertinetto
Staff involved in the project: Luca Ciucci, Luca Pesini, Luigi Talamo
Wolfgang U. Dressler (Universität Wien)
Coordination and subordination are the two major types of syntactic linkage in complex utterances, but they turn out to be unable to account for particular phenomena such as chaining structures, to be found in several Oceanic languages, generally referred to as “co-subordinations” (according to Foley and Van Valin’s definition). At the beginning of the past century, Luigi Sorrento coined the term “para-hypotaxis” to refer to a construction typically present in ancient Romance languages, consisting of a prolectic subordinate clause followed by the main clause introduced by conjunctions such as “and” and “but” (S’io dissi falso, e tu falsasti ’l conio; Dante, If XXX, 115 ).
This study is based on a large corpus of ancient Italian texts and aims at the studying the functional and pragmatic features of para-hypotaxis as well as its origin (be it mono- or polygenetic).
Of particular importance is the comparison not only with other Romance languages, Latin, ancient Greek and other Indo-European languages, but also with biblical Hebrew and typologically distant languages such as those pertaining to the Zamuco family (see Endangered languages), that show similar syntactic constructions.
Italian derivational patterns
Within a comprehensive research project, aimed at providing the CoLFIS database with frequency information related to sub-lexical units (see the Wikimemo special project), a lexicon of derived forms called derIvaTario is currently being produced. Approximately 10,000 lemma are being manually tagged according to a set of parameters: number of derivational cycles, stem and affix allomorphy, morphosemantic and morphotactic transparency. The annotation is inspired by recent studies on morphotactic and morphosemantic transparency vs. opacity within the Natural Morphology framework. The inter-annotator agreement with respect to a sample of the above parameters is also evaluated.
Luca Ciucci: The morpho-syntatic structure of the Zamuco languages (Ayoreo, Chamacoco, Ancient Zamuco).
Luca Pesini: Para-hypotaxis in ancient Italian.
NOCENTINI Alberto & Luca PESINI (in stampa). Arezzo nel Medioevo: la lingua. In G. CHERUBINI, F. FRANCESCHI e A. BARLUCCHI (eds.), Arezzo nel Medioevo. Roma : Bretschneider.
TALAMO Luigi (in press). Suffix combinations in Italian: selectional restrictions and processing constraints. In MANOVA, S. & GERNER, M. (eds.), Advances in Affix Order Research (provisional title), Oxford University Press.
BERTINETTO Pier Marco & Luca CIUCCI 2012. Parataxis, hypotaxis and para-hypotaxis in the Zamuco languages. Linguistic Discovery 10,1: 89-111.
BERTINETTO Pier Marco 2011. How the Zamuco languages dealt with verb affixes. Word Structure 4,2: 215-230.
PESINI Luca 2011. Giovanni Rosini e la questione della lingua. Annali Aretini XVIII: 199-236.
TALAMO Luigi & Chiara CELATA 2011. Toward a morphological analysis of the italian lexicon: developing tools for a corpus-based approach. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Linguistica, 11(1).
PESINI Luca 2008.Il dittongamento in antico toscano e in aretino. Archivio Glottologico Italiano 93: 46-79.
PESINI Luca 2007. Sull’origine della desinenza di terza persona plurale del verbo italiano. Studi di Grammatica Italiana 26: 1-39.
last up-dating: January 2015